President Jokowi Builds Papua More Advanced

Photo: (Liputan6.com)

The development of the Papua region is a priority for President Jokowi’s administration. The community also appreciates the attention of the Central Government which continues to pay attention to various aspects of development in Papua which are expected to be able to bring the region forward.

MH Said Abdullah as Chairman of the DPR Budget Agency (Banggar), suggested that Papuan policy makers should make Bung Karno’s spirit their spirit in formulating the Papuan development approach. This is because the spirit of the First President of the Republic of Indonesia is very relevant and in accordance with the needs of the people on Earth of Cenderawasih.

Said said that President Jokowi had the right momentum to restructure Papua’s development going forward. This opportunity is expected to be a turning point in Papua’s development towards development based on human resources, the environment and culture.

Therefore it is hoped that all parties involved in the development of Papua will adopt a new approach. This means that people must be aware of the uniqueness and uniqueness of Papua which must be well maintained.

The politician from the island of Madura said that development would still make Papua a part of the body of the Republic of Indonesia at any time, a period that Bung Karno had said.

Ir Sukarno has tried hard to seize Papua from the Dutch grip. For this reason, Bung Karno’s determination must become the spirit and spirit of Papuan development today. Even Sukarno saw Papua as part of the Indonesian body.

Quote, would someone let one of his limbs be amputated without putting up a fight? Would a person not scream in pain and have his fingertips cut off?

Assessing the assessment, Bung Karno’s words show that for the Indonesian people, Papua, which at that time was West Irian, was part of Indonesia. Therefore, there should be no power of people dating and disturbing the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia in the Land of Papua.

So far he is clear, the implementation of the Papua special autonomy (autonomy) fund will end in 2021. This is regulated in Law Number 2021 of 2001 concerning special autonomy for the Papua Province. This condition is the discussion of the regional government and the DPR as well as the regional government and the DPR Papua and West Papua as a complete representation and representation of the people of Papua and West Papua.

So it is hoped that better decisions will be made, no special autonomy fund insurance, but development policies that are more appropriate and in accordance with the Papuan people.

He also explained that the issue regarding the existence of the special autonomy budget for the three provinces, namely Papua, West Papua and Aceh, was related to the main issue in every special autonomy budget determination meeting at the DPR RI Banggar. But what is more important is how the government has a development concept in accordance with local wisdom which is reflected in the conditions of the local community, culture and environment in accordance with the framework of the Republic of Indonesia. Because, it is not biased to force development in Papua to be the same as other provinces. Because, there is wide space for the Papuan people to be involved in determining and carrying out the development process.

The PDIP politician explained that the end of the implementation of otsus was the right moment to review the process of using Otsus.

In the last twenty years, the allocation of funds that have been disbursed for the development of Papua during 2005-2019, sourced from central spending through ministries / K / L agencies has reached 205.2 trillion.

Meanwhile, the special autonomy fund and the additional infrastructure fund (DTI) reached IDR 126.48 trillion in the 2002-2020 period and Transfer to Regions and Village Funds (TKDD) funds reached IDR 580.93 trillion in 2005-2019.

However, the amount of the budget has not been able to raise the life of the Papuan people, the culture of the people and the preservation of the Papuan environment.

With modifications and a more communicative, participatory and open approach, of course, optimism for Papua’s development can increase.

Papuan development must be based on humanity (human development) which is supported by three basic aspects that will shape the quality of Papuan people, namely, education, health and the community’s economy.

Of course, these three aspects must be supported by good and quality nests, infrastructure and human resources. For example, each village in Papua must have a school and community health center (Puskesmas) capable of serving the basic needs of the community.

Human resource development in Papua must continue to be pursued, because human resources are the key to Papua’s development in the future. So that it is not excessive that Papuan human resources are the true wealth of the nation.

Nokolaus Watimena

Papuan Student

Five Frameworks Expected to be Contained in the Papua Special Autonomy Revision

The Papua Provincial Government welcomes the efforts of the Regional Representative Council (DPD) of the Republic of Indonesia to encourage the revision of Law Number 2001 concerning Special Autonomy for Papua which must refer to the five frameworks determined by the Papua Provincial Government. This is so that future implementation will benefit the government and the people of Cenderawasih Earth.

Assistant for the Economy and People’s Welfare of the Papua Regional Secretary Muhammad Musa’ad said that the five frameworks included recognition and transfer of authority to Papua. This means that there needs to be a rationalization of central and regional authority so that it becomes clear and does not overlap.

Second, regarding institutional structures that aim to strengthen the position of governors as representatives of the central government in the regions as well as as coordinator of special autonomy management. It is hoped that district and city governments can have a relationship in the management of special autonomy funds with the provincial government,

Third, regarding finance, namely Papua Province wishes that there is only one source of funding from the center, namely through the Special Autonomy Fund. Although there will be projects carried out by institutional ministries, all of this must come through one source of funding, unlike now where there are various revenue sharing funds such as DAK, DAU, and ministry agency funds.

Fourth, he continued, there must be a policy framework so that there are no overlapping policies issued by the central and regional governments. Fifth, legal aspects, human rights, including reconciliation.

Musa’ad hopes that the revision of the Special Autonomy Law will be a solution to the problem for Papua and not the other way around, instead it will create new problems. Therefore, Musa’ad hopes that the DPD RI as part of the MPR RI can oversee the revision process that occurs, because it has become a mandate in the TAP MPR.

“In essence,

we do not want the change in the Special Autonomy Law to occur as offered by the center in 2008 (Law No. 35 of 2008).

Where, the material substance is very shallow, only in 2 articles”

The existence of different views in responding to the revision of Otsus indicates that good communication has not been carried out between the Central Government and the Regional Government. Therefore, it is hoped that the two parties will jointly carry out the discussion along with the involvement of the Papuan community in order to create a good and long-term useful evaluation.

This becomes important, because with a solid vision of improving Otsus it is hoped that it will have a more optimal output. The five frameworks presented by the Papua Provincial Government are expected to be one of the inputs to improve Papua’s Special Autonomy so that it can realize the welfare of the Papuan people in the future.

Reinhard T.

Papuan Observer

The Government is very concerned about the welfare of Papua

The government under the direction of President Joko Widodo continues to launch various development programs in Papua. These various development programs are expected to improve the welfare of the community which has become a major concern of the Government.

As the easternmost region of Indonesia, many people think that development in Papua is lagging behind other regions. This is certainly a challenge for the government to always pay great attention to the land of Papua.

On the occasion of a meeting of the Steering Committee for the Integrated Team for the Acceleration of Welfare Development in West Papua, Vice President Ma’ruf Amin as chairman of the meeting said that the government paid great attention to welfare development in Papua with the enactment of Presidential Instruction (Inpres) 9 of 2020 concerning the acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua Province and West Papua Province.

Then, the Presidential Decree 20 of 2020 concerning the Integrated Coordination Team for Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua Provinces. Ma’ruf Amin also realizes that there are still crucial problems and issues in Papua that must be resolved. One of them is related to the high level of poverty in Papua.

    The government needs to put this presidential instruction policy perspective in a new spirit and design for Papua, according to the President’s direction at a Papua Limited Meeting held in 2020.  

During the meeting, Ma’ruf also conveyed President Jokowi’s directions, including the need for enthusiasm, paradigm and new ways of working to produce a leap of prosperity for the people of Papua and West Papua. With regard to the implementation of the Presidential Instruction in 2020, Ma’ruf emphasized the cultural approach in the framework of development.

Previously, Vice President spokesman Masduki Baidowi said there were many breakthroughs specifically made by the government for the Papuan team led by Ma’ruf Amin.

Masduki once said that the people of Papua and West Papua want to be prosperous through education and human resources (HR).

Thus, the education sector will become a leading sector to be implemented in accelerating Papua’s development. Meanwhile, the problems in Papua are complex, one of which is the occurrence of conflict which has not gone unnoticed. He said that in dealing with the conflict, the government would do it with a welfare approach. 

To deal with these problems, the government did not remain silent. This is evidenced by the deployment of the TNI-Polri to maintain security and order. So that the people of Papua can experience a peaceful life.  

President Joko Widodo has also pursued an economic approach that leads to the welfare of the Papuan people. For example, like one price for fuel, health, education and so on.

Presidential Chief of Staff Moeldoko said the armed criminal group (KKB) which often caused trouble actually did not want to see the Papuan people prosper. Because if they are already prosperous, the influence of the KKB will disappear by itself.

For example, when road construction in Papua was underway, the workers were disturbed by the KKB until several people became victims. This is an indicator. In addition, there are still burning schools. This is because they do not want their people to side with the TNI-Polri.

    The government’s attention to the land of Papua is also evidenced by the appreciation of the Papuan youth leader, Izak R Hikoyabi. He thinks there are several things in the change of Papuan society.

    One of them is the breadth of budget management for the Papuan Government with the existence of a special autonomy fund (Otsus) for Papua from the start that was set until 2020 worth IDR 126.99 trillion. Although there is a need for a thorough evaluation of this large budget.

    The existence of the special autonomy fund also had a significant positive impact. Both in the political, social, economic and other fields.

    Izak also revealed that the government’s move was an effective strategy by taking a dialogue approach to unravel problems and formulate alternative solutions.

He also added that it is no less important to continue implementing previous policies, such as President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY), who prioritized the welfare approach compared to the security approach.

“National integration and the Republic of Indonesia

with a fixed price in the Papua region is a foundation built on prosperity,

justice above a legal system that respects the socio-cultural context in it”

    This is certainly proof that the government remains committed to paying attention to the welfare of the Cenderawasih earth. With the special autonomy fund, young people in Papua can even continue their studies to tertiary institutions both at home and abroad.

Johan Titus

Papuan Student

Advancing the Quality of Life of Indigenous Papuans through Papua Special Autonomy

Photo: The Minister of Finance (Menkeu) Sri Mulyani Indrawati holds the document for the Revised Law (RUU) of the Special Autonomy (Otsus) for Papua Province at the Special Committee Working Meeting with the Government in the Commission II Meeting Room of the DPR RI

Special Autonomy (Otsus) for Papua was born with the aim of improving the welfare of indigenous Papuans. Through Otsus, indigenous Papuans can become masters in their own regions, giving rise to hopes and solutions for the future of the nation. In the era of President Joko Widodo’s administration, various breakthroughs were made through the Papua Special Autonomy, including infrastructure development to improve connectivity between regions. President Joko Widodo’s attention by paying more attention has pushed infrastructure in Papua to progress.

According to the Deputy Minister of PUPR, John Wempi Wetipo, if anyone thinks that Otsus has failed, it is not because of Otsus itself, but more because regional officials are not transparent and cannot implement Otsus. Meanwhile Freedy Numbery, a senior Papuan figure added, the concept and policy of the Special Autonomy was a great step taken by the state for Papua. However, the regulations are great, but when it is not followed by good bureaucracy, it becomes chaotic.

“Otsus is a great idea for Papuan children,

therefore it needs the right approach and better supervision

It is undeniable that Otsus has brought many benefits to the Papuan people, ranging from access to food, economic access, education, health services, housing, provision of clean water, communication, and sharing of other infrastructure.

The central government is not playing games in making improvements to Otsus. So far, since it was implemented from 2000 to the present, over 20 years the amount of special autonomy funds for Papua has reached Rp. 126.9 trillion, which is focused mainly on 30 percent for the education sector and 15 percent for the health and nutrition sector. The amount of the Special Autonomy fund shows the commitment of the Government of Indonesia to the development of Papua.

Meanwhile, a member of the DPD Electoral District of West Papua, M Sanusi Rahaningmas explained that the welfare of Papua is very dependent on Papua’s Otsus. In the course of this, the people of West Papua have gotten many things from the special autonomy program.

“Otsus and the welfare of Papua are two things that cannot be separated”

The President’s Millennial Special Staff (Stafsus), Billy Mambrasar, assessed that the Papua Special Autonomy (Otsus) program has succeeded in improving the quality of life of the Papuan people. Billy and his friends have conducted a survey of 550 millennial Papuan children. The survey results showed that 67 percent of Papuan millennial children stated that Otsus was not a failure but needed improvement. Meanwhile, another 20 percent said it had not been successful, and the rest said there had to be improvements.

Based on these data, most Papuans consider Otsus to have a positive impact and hope that Otsus will continue with improvements. Therefore, according to Billy, monitoring and evaluation of the special autonomy program needs to be carried out in a sustainable manner, so that local governments can work according to their standards and with the right steps.

Reynard

Papuan Observer

Optimizing Special Autonomy Volume II for Improvement of Development in Papua

Foto: Kementerian PUPR RI

For a long time, Papua has been synonymous with backwardness and backwardness from other regions in Indonesia. Especially when there was no regional autonomy, Cendrawasih Earth only consisted of the majority of wilderness. The condition is exacerbated by the absence of facilities that support community mobility,

The government ensures that the Papua Special Autonomy Fund (Otsus) is extended through the Draft Law (RUU) on Amendments to Law Number 21 of 2001 concerning Special Autonomy (Otsus) for Papua Province.

Finance Minister Sri Mulyani said that the revision of Law 21/2001 also regulates the increase in the special autonomy fund allocation ceiling from two percent of the national DAU to 2.25 percent of the national DAU.

The Minister of Economy estimates that the extension of the Papua Special Autonomy fund to 2041 and an increase in its amount will require a budget of IDR 234.6 trillion.

This amount is twice as large as the total Otsus fund for Papua in the last two decades, which is IDR 101.2 trillion. This calculation assumes that the General Allocation Fund (DAU) will increase to 3.02 percent per year based on the average development of the DAU ceiling for the last nine years.

The plan shows the seriousness of President Jokowi’s administration to develop the Papua region. So far, development in the Papua region has become a priority for President Jokowi’s administration.

The community also appreciates the attention of the Central Government which continues to pay attention to various aspects of development in Papua which are expected to be able to bring the region forward.

MH Said Abdullah, as Chairman of the DPR Budget Agency (Banggar), suggested that policy makers towards Papua must make Bung Karno’s spirit their spirit in formulating the Papuan development approach. Because, the spirit of the First President of the Republic of Indonesia is very relevant and in accordance with the needs of the people on Earth of Cenderawasih.

Ir Sukarno has made a firm effort to seize Papua from the Dutch grip. For this reason, Bung Karno’s determination must become the spirit and spirit of Papuan development today. Even Sukarno saw Papua as part of the Indonesian body.

“Development that continues to make Papua

a part of the body of the Republic of Indonesia forever”

Said said that President Jokowi had the right momentum to restructure Papua’s development going forward. This opportunity is expected to be a turning point in Papua’s development towards development based on human resources, the environment and culture.

Reno Lukas

Papuan Observer

Papuan Central Mountain Community Leaders support the establishment of New Autonomous Region

Lenis Kogoya (ANTARA/Marius Frisson Yewun) Wamena (ANTARA) – Community Leader from the central highlands of Papua Province Lenis Kogoya support the establishment of a new autonomous region (DOB) in Papua. Lenis Kogoya while in Wamena, Tuesday, saw the need for a provincial new autonomous region in the central highlands Papua because it is feasible. “As […]

Papuan Central Mountain Community Leaders support the establishment of New Autonomous Region

Papuan Senator Paskalis Letsoin assesses the expansion of South Papua Province is very positive — WEST PAPUA

TRIBUN-PAPUA.COM, MERAUKE – Deputy Chairman of Commission I of the Papuan House of Representatives (DPR), Paskalis Letsoin assessed that the presence of the new autonomous region (DOB) of South Papua Province (PPS) covering Merauke, Asmat, Mappi, and Boven Digoel regencies was appropriate . “I think that Merauke Regency and its surroundings really need an expansion […]

Papuan Senator Paskalis Letsoin assesses the expansion of South Papua Province is very positive — WEST PAPUA